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Mesa 2: Insuficiencia cardíaca y diabetes mellitus tipo 2

Julieta Méndez, Carolina Gómez Martín, Javier Remón, Solange Houssay, Ezequiel Forte, Silvana Manfredo, María Laura Roselli, Matías Re, Débora Hernández, Marina Margosian, Melina Sabán, Martín Maraschio, Natalia Blanco, Rubén de Marco, Sandra Salva

Resumen


Desde que el estudio Framingham en 1974 reportó un aumento de dos a cinco veces en el riesgo de desarrollar insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus (DM), otros estudios observacionales confirmaron esta asociación que ha tomado gran visibilidad en los últimos años a partir de los resultados de los estudios de seguridad cardiovascular de las drogas antidiabéticas.

La IC se define como un síndrome clínico que resulta del deterioro funcional o estructural del llenado ventricular o la eyección de sangre. Puede clasificarse según la fracción de eyección, la presencia de síntomas y la limitación de la actividad física.

Existen distintos factores asociados a la IC en personas con DM como la edad, la antigüedad de la enfermedad, la utilización de insulina, la enfermedad coronaria, la hipertensión arterial, la enfermedad arterial periférica, el aumento de creatinina, el escaso control glucémico, la albuminuria y la obesidad. A su vez la IC se asocia a insulinorresistencia y a estados disglucémicos que se consideran de riesgo para el desarrollo de DM.


Palabras clave


Insuficiencia cardíaca; diabetes; riesgo cardiovascular; enfermedad coronaria; fracción de eyección

Texto completo:

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47196/diab.v54i2Sup.252

Copyright (c) 2020 Sociedad Argentina de Diabetes Asociación Civil

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