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Mesa 1: Diabetes mellitus tipo 1 y enfermedad cardiovascular

Lázaro González, Alejandro Chertkoff, Mariana Burgos, Liliana Triffone, Hugo Sanabria, Karina Koleff, Laura Roccatagliata, Virginia Rama, María Laura Pomares, Milena Suppo, Susana Apolini, Carolina Muratore, Gabriel Rodríguez

Resumen


La principal causa de muerte en personas con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1) es de origen cardiovascular (CV). La duración de la DM1 es uno de los predictores más importantes para infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM), junto con el colesterol de lipoproteínas de baja densidad (cLDL) y HbA1c. El desarrollo de DM1 antes de los 10 años de edad se asocia con un riesgo 90 veces mayor de IAM en mujeres. En la DM1 habría una mayor contribución de un estado de inflamación sistémica de bajo de grado.

La combinación de electrocardiograma de ejercicio y una técnica de imagen proporciona valor diagnóstico para la detección de isquemia miocárdica y pronóstico. La evaluación del riesgo CV en el adulto mayor debe ser individualizado y categorizarlo según funcionalidad y comorbilidades a fin de fijar objetivos de control de factores glucémicos y no glucémicos personalizados.


Palabras clave


Enfermedad cardiovascular; diabetes mellitus tipo 1; tratamiento; diagnóstico; control glucémico.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47196/diab.v54i2Sup.251

Copyright (c) 2020 Sociedad Argentina de Diabetes Asociación Civil

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